Pluralize a word

plu_ralize(
  x,
  irregulars = getOption("plu.irregulars", c("moderate", "conservative", "liberal",
    "none"))
)

ralize(
  x,
  irregulars = getOption("plu.irregulars", c("moderate", "conservative", "liberal",
    "none"))
)

Arguments

x

A character vector of English words to be pluralized

irregulars

What level of irregularity to use in pluralization. "moderate" uses the most common pluralization. "conservative" uses the most common irregular plural if one exists, even if a regular plural is more common. "liberal" uses a regular plural if it exists, even if an irregular plural is more common. "none" attempts to apply regular noun pluralization rules to all words. See section "Irregular plurals" for more details. Defaults to "moderate". The default can be changed by setting options(plu.irregulars). See examples in ralize() for more details.

Source

Irregular plurals list adapted from the Automatically Generated Inflection Database (AGID).

See plu-package for more details.

Value

The character vector x pluralized

Irregular plurals

Many words in English have both regular and irregular plural forms. For example, the word "person" can be pluralized as "persons" or "people", and the word "formula" can be pluralized as "formulas" or "formulae". plu offers several options for how to handle words with multiple plurals.

  • The moderate list attempts to apply the most common pluralization, whether it is regular or irregular. This chooses the irregular plural "people" but the regular plural "formulas".

  • The conservative list attempts to apply an irregular plural to every word that has one. This chooses "people" and "formulae", but still uses regular plurals for words that have no irregular plural form.

  • The liberal list attempts to apply a regular plural to every word that has one. This chooses "persons" and "formulas", but still uses irregular plurals for words that have no common regular plural, like "women". Many words in English have invariant plurals that look exactly the same as their singular forms, like "fish" or "deer". The liberal list attempts to use regular plurals for these words, producing "fishes" and "deers".

  • The none list applies regular pluralization rules to all words, even those with no common regular plural. This produces, for example, "womans" as a plural for "woman" even though this is not a common English word.

See also

plu_ral() to pluralize an English phrase based on a condition

Examples

plu::ralize("word")
#> [1] "words"
plu::ralize(c("group", "word"))
#> [1] "groups" "words"
plu::ralize(c("formula", "person", "child"), irregulars = "conservative")
#> [1] "formulae" "people" "children"
plu::ralize(c("formula", "person", "child"), irregulars = "moderate")
#> [1] "formulas" "people" "children"
plu::ralize(c("formula", "person", "child"), irregulars = "liberal")
#> [1] "formulas" "persons" "children"
plu::ralize(c("formula", "person", "child"), irregulars = "none")
#> [1] "formulas" "persons" "childs"